Berkeley, CA (April 3, 2023) — An unprecedented study was published today in the peer-reviewed journal Fire, exposing a broad pattern of scientific misrepresentations and omissions that have caused a “falsification of the scientific record” in recent forest and wildfire studies funded or authored by the U.S. Forest Service with regard to dry forests of the western United States. Forest Service–related articles have presented a falsified narrative that historical forests had low tree densities and were dominated by low-severity fires, using this narrative to advocate for its current forest management and wildfire policies.
The study comprehensively documents that a vast body of scientific evidence in peer-reviewed studies that have directly refuted and discredited this narrative were either misrepresented or omitted by agency publications. The corrected scientific record, based on all of the evidence, shows that historical forests were highly variable in tree density, and included “open” forests as well as many dense forests. Further, historical wildfire severity was mixed and naturally included a substantial component of high-severity fire, which creates essential snag forest habitat for diverse native wildlife species, rivaling old-growth forests.
These findings have profound implications for climate mitigation and community safety, as current forest policies that are driven by the distorted narrative result in forest management policies that reduce forest carbon and increase carbon emissions, while diverting scarce federal resources from proven community wildfire safety measures like home hardening, defensible space pruning, and evacuation assistance.
“Forest policy must be informed by sound science, but, unfortunately, the public has been receiving a biased and inaccurate presentation of the facts about forest density and wildfires from government agencies,” said William Baker, one of the study’s authors.
“The forest management policies being driven by this falsified scientific narrative are often making wildfires spread faster and more intensely toward communities, rather than helping communities become fire-safe,” said Chad Hanson, an author of the study and research ecologist with Earth Island’s John Muir Project. “We need thinning of small trees adjacent to homes, not backcountry management.”
“The falsified narrative from government studies is leading to inappropriate forest policies that promote removal of mature, fire-resistant trees in older forests, which causes increased carbon emissions and in the long-run contributes to more fires,” said Dominick A. DellaSala, an author of the study and chief scientist at Earth Island’s Wild Heritage.
William Baker, Ph.D., firstname.lastname@example.org, 970-403-3862
Chad Hanson, Ph.D., email@example.com, 530-273-9290
Dominick DellaSala, Ph.D., firstname.lastname@example.org, 541-621-7223
Mark Williams, Ph.D., email@example.com